School of Population Health


Deprivation and Health Geography within NZ

Auckland Index of Multiple Area-Level Deprivation (IMALD)

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The Auckland Index of Multiple Area Level Deprivation (IMALD) was a pilot study designed to test new measures neighbourhood level disadvantage in Auckland. It used routinely collected data from government departments to construct 28 indicators organised into seven domains of deprivation: employment, income, crime, housing, health, education and geographic access to services. The Auckland IMALD 2013 was funded by the New Zealand Health Research Council and served as a prototype for a national index of multiple deprivation.

Use the interactive maps to zoom into areas of interest, filter by a particular level of deprivation, compare neighbourhoods or explore different dimensions of deprivation. Note: The Auckland IMALD has been superseded by the New Zealand Index of Multiple Deprivation.

Towards a new Index of Multiple Area‐Level Deprivation for Auckland, New Zealand is a 2016 article in the New Zealand Geographer about a pilot study for Auckland that explored explore the feasibility of developing measures of area deprivation from routinely collected administrative data. The pilot study index was called the Auckland Index of Multiple Area Level Deprivation (IMALD).

Developing intermediate zones for analysing the social geography of Auckland, New Zealand is a 2016 article describing the creation of two new geographical boundary files, known respectively as lower zones and upper zones, for investigating social phenomena and visualising disparities in health outcomes in the Auckland Region of New Zealand.

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Auckland IMALD 2013 Short Report
A short report on development of the Auckland Index of Multiple Area Level Deprivation (IMALD). (29.7 kB, PDF)