School of Medicine


Professor Keith Petrie, PhD, DipClinPsych, FRSNZ

Research interests


  • The role of patients' perceptions of illness and outcome in chronic illness.
  • Adherence to treatment.
  • Nocebo and placebo effects.
  • Symptom appraisal and delay in seeking medical care.
  • The influence of psychological factors on immune activity.
  • The effect of environmental worries and concerns about modernity on health perceptions and symptom reporting.
  • Fatigue in aircrew during international long-haul operations.

Recent publications


2018

  1. Petrie, K.J., Pressman, S.D., Pennebaker, J.W., Øverland, S., Tell, G.S & Sivertsen, B. (2018). What links positive affect to mortality? Results from a general population longitudinal study. Annals of Behavioral Medicine.  doi: 10.1093/abm/kax018 Read more
  2. Dalbeth, N., & Petrie, K.J. (2018). It’s time to change the name of gout. BMJ. Feb 5. Read more
  3. Petrie, K.J., MacKrill, K., Derksen, C., & Dalbeth, N. (2018).  An illness by any other name: The effect of renaming gout on illness and treatment perceptions. Health Psychology, 37,37-41. doi: 10.1037/hea0000548 Read more
  4. Faasse, K., Yeom, B., Parkes, B., Kearney, J., & Petrie, K.J. (2018). The influence of social modeling, gender and empathy on side effects. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. doi: 10.1093/abm/kax025. Read more
  5. Bøe, T., Serlachius, A., Sivertsen, B, Petrie, K.J., Hysing, M. (2018). Cumulative effects of negative life events and family stress on children’s mental health: The Bergen Child Study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology,53,1-9. doi: 10.1007/s00127-017-1451-4  Read more
  6. Mathur, A., Jarrett, P., Broadbent, E., Petrie, K.J. (2018). Open-label placebos for wound healing: A randomized controlled trial. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. doi: 10.1093/abm/kax057 Read more

2017

  1. Jones, A.S.K., & Petrie, K.J. (2017). I can see clearly now: Using active visualization to improve adherence to ART and PrEP. AIDS and Behavior, 21, 335-340. doi: 10.1007/s10461-016-1611-7 Read more
  2. Bøe, T., Skogen J.C., Sivertsen, B, Hysing, M. Petrie, K.J., Dearing, E., & Zachrisson, H.D. (2017). Economic volatility in childhood and subsequent mental health problems: A longitudinal population-based study of adolescents. BMJ Open. 7(9):e017030. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017030 Read more
  3. Sivertsen, B., Bøe, T., Skogen, J.C., Petrie, K.J., Hysing, M. (2017). Moving into poverty during childhood is associated with later sleep problems. Sleep Medicine, 37, 54-59. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2017.06.005 Read more
  4. Hysing, M., Petrie, K.J., Boe, T, Lallukka, T., & Sivertsen, B. (2017).  The social gradient of sleep in adolescence: Results from the youth@hordaland survey.  European Journal of Public Health, 27,65-71.  doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckw200 Read more
  5. Martin, L., & Petrie, K.J. (2017). Understanding the dimensions of anti-vaccination attitudes: The Vaccination Attitudes Examination (VAX) Scale. Annals of Behavioral Medicine,51,652-660. doi: 10.1007/s12160-017-9888-y Read more
  6. Rief, W., Shedden-Mora, M., Laferton, J.A., Auer, C., Petrie, K.J., Salzmann, S., Schedlowski, M., Moosdorf, R. (2017).  Preoperative optimization of patient expectations improves long-term outcome in heart surgery patients: Results of the randomized controlled PSY-HEART trial. BMC Medicine. 15(1),4. doi: 10.1186/s12916-016-0767-3 Read more
  7. Jones, A.S.K., Fernandez, J., Grey, A., & Petrie, K.J. (2017). The impact of 3-D models versus animations on perceptions of osteoporosis and treatment motivation: A randomized trial. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 51,899-911. doi: 10.1007/s12160-017-9913-1 Read more
  8. Hysing, M., Petrie, K.J., & Sivertsen, B. (2017). Parental work absenteeism is associated with increased symptom complaints and school absence in adolescent children. BMC Public Health, 17,439. doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-4368-7 Read more
  9. Derksen, C., Serlachius, A., Petrie, K.J., & Dalbeth, N. (2017). “What say ye gout experts?” A content analysis of questions about gout posted on the social news website Reddit. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 18, 488. doi: 10.1186/s12891-017-1856-y
  10. Perera, A., Serlachius, A., Booth, R.J., & Petrie, K.J. (2017). Are medical students becoming less altruistic and more money orientated? A three wishes survey. Medical Student Research Journal. 10.15404/msrj/09.2017.0145
  11. Petrie, K.J., & Weinman, J. (2017).The PACE trial: It’s time to broaden perceptions and move on (Invited commentary). Journal of Health Psychology, 22,1198-1200. doi: 10.1177/1359105317703789 Read more
  12. Hemmington, A., Dalbeth, N., Jarrett, P., Fraser, A.G., Broom, R., Browett, P., & Petrie, K.J. (2017). Medical specialists’ attitudes to prescribing biosimilars. Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, 26, 570-577. doi: 10.1002/pds.4186 Read more
  13. Sivertsen, B., Petrie, K.J., Skogen, J.C., Hysing, M., & Eberhard-Gran, M. (2017). Insomnia before and after childbirth: The risk of developing postpartum pain. A longitudinal population-based study. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology and Reproductive Biology, 210, 348-354. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2017.01.020 Read more
  14. Kalluru, R., Petrie, K.J., Grey, A., Nisa, Z., Horne, A.M., Gamble, G., & Bolland M. (2017). Accuracy of perceptions of fracture risk and osteoporosis treatment benefits: A randomised trial. BMJ Open, 7(2): e013703. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013703. Read more
  15. Faasse, K., Pereira, A., Loveys, K., Grey, A., & Petrie, K.J. (2017). Enhancing treatment effectiveness through social modelling: A pilot study. Psychology and Health, 32, 626-638. doi: 10.1080/08870446.2017.1293056 Read more

2016

  1. Rief, W., & Petrie, K.J. (2016). Can psychological expectation models be adapted for placebo research? Frontiers of Psychology. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01876 Read more

  2. Jones, A.S.K., & Petrie, K.J. (2016). I can see clearly now: Using active visualization to improve adherence to ART and PrEP. AIDS and Behavior. doi: 10.1007/s10461-016-1611-7 Read more

  3. Colgan, S.L.E., Faasse, K., Pereira, J,A., Grey, A., & Petrie, K.J. (2016). Changing perceptions and efficacy of generic medicines: An intervention study.  Health Psychology, 35, 1246-1253. doi: 10.1037/hea0000402 Read more

  4. Bartley, H., Faasse, K., Horne, R., & Petrie, K.J. (2016).You can’t always get what you want: The influence of choice on nocebo and placebo responding. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. doi: 10.1007/s12160-016-9772-1 Read more

  5. Hysing, M., Petrie, K.J., Boe, T, Lallukka, T., & Sivertsen, B. (2016).  The social gradient of sleep in adolescence: Results from the youth@hordaland survey.  European Journal of Public Health.  doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckw200

  6. Faasse, K., & Petrie, K.J. (2016). From me to you: The effect of social modelling on treatment outcomes. Current Directions in Psychological Science. Read more

  7. Bright, E., Petrie, K.J., Partridge, A.H., & Stanton, A.L. (2016). Barriers to and facilitative processes of endocrine therapy adherence among women with breast cancer. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 158, 243-51. doi:10.1007/s10549-016-3871-3 Read more

  8. Stephens, M.H., Grey, A., Fernandez, J., Kalluru, R., Horne, A., Faasse, K., & Petrie, K.J. (2016).  3-D bone models to improve treatment initiation among patients with osteoporosis: a randomized controlled pilot trial.  Psychology and Health, 31, 487-486.  doi: 10.1080/08870446.2015.1112389 Read more

  9. Serlachius, A., Gamble, G., House, M., Vincent, Z.L., Horne, A., Taylor, W.J., Petrie, K.J., & Dalbeth, N. (2016). Illness perceptions predict mortality in patients with Gout: A prospective observational study. Arthritis Care and Research.

  10. Palmquist, E., Petrie, K.J., & Nordin, S. (2016). Psychometric properties and normative data of the Modern Health Worries in a Swedish Sample. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. doi: 10.1007/s12529-016-9576-5 Read more

  11. Petrie, K.J., Faasse, K., & Thomas M.G. (2016).  Public perception of risk from the Ebola virus, willingness to vaccinate and likely behavioural responses to an outbreak. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 10, 674-680. doi: 0.1017/dmp.2016.67 Read more

  12. Duyck, S., Petrie, K.J., & Dalbeth, N. (2016). “You don’t have to be a drinker to have gout, but it helps”: A content analysis of the depiction of gout in popular newspapers.  Arthritis Care & Research. doi: 10.1002/acr.22879. Read more

  13. Walker, H., Rosenburg, S.M., Stanton, A., Petrie, K.J., & Partridge, A. (2016). Perceptions, attributions and emotions toward endocrine therapy in young women with breast cancer. Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology, 5, 16-23. Read more

  14. O’Sullivan, A.T., Rowley, S., Ellis, S., Faasse, K., & Petrie, K.J. (2016). The validity and clinical utility of the COVERS scale and Pain Assessment Tool for assessing pain in neonates admitted to an intensive care unit.  Clinical Journal of Pain, 32, 51-7. Read more

  15. Faasse, K., Martin, L., Grey, A., Gamble, G., & Petrie, K.J. (2016).  The impact of brand or generic labelling on medication effectiveness and side effects. Health Psychology, 35, 187-190. Read more

2015

  1. Patience, A., Amir, N., Ellis, C.J., O’Sullivan, A.T., Faasse, K.,  Gamble, G., & Petrie, K.J. (2015). Does the early feedback of results improve reassurance following diagnostic testing? A randomized controlled trial. Health Psychology, 34, 216-221. doi: 10.1037/hea000109 Read more
  2. Crichton, F., & Petrie, K.J. (2015).  Accentuate the positive: counteracting psychogenic responses to media health warnings in the age of the internet. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2015.04.014 Read more
  3. Crichton, F., & Petrie, K.J. (2015).  Health complaints and wind turbines: The efficacy of explaining the nocebo response to reduce symptom reporting. Environmental Research, 140, 449-455. Read more
  4. Rosenburg, S.M., Stanton, A., Petrie, K.J., & Partridge, A. (2015). Symptoms and symptom attribution among women on endocrine therapy for breast cancer.  The Oncologist, 20, 1-8. Read more
  5. Petrie, K.J., Myrtveit S.M., Partridge, A.H., Stephens, M., & Stanton, A.  (2014). The relationship between the belief in a genetic cause for breast cancer and bilateral mastectomy. Health Psychology, 34, 473-476. doi: 10.1037/hea0000118 Read more
  6. Porsius, J.T., Claassen, L., Smid, T., Woudenberg, F., Petrie, K.J., & Timmermans, R.M. (2015). Symptom reporting after the introduction of a new high-voltage power line: a prospective field study. Environment Research, 138, 112-117. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2015.02.009 Read more
  7. Sivertsen, B., Lallukka, T., Petrie, K.J., Steingrimdottir, O.A., Stubhaug, A., Nielsen, C.S. (2015). Sleep and pain sensitivity in adults: A population-based study. Pain, 156, 1433-9. doi: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000131 Read more
  8. Faasse, K., Grey, A., Horne, R., & Petrie, K.J. (2015).  High perceived sensitivity to medicines is associated with higher medical care utilisation, increased symptom reporting and a greater reporting of unusual symptoms.  Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety. DOI: 10.1002/pds.3751 Read more
  9. Faasse, K., Grey, A., Jordan, R., Garland, S., & Petrie, K.J. (2015). Seeing is believing: Impact of the social modelling on placebo and nocebo responding.  Health Psychology. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hea0000199
    Read more
  10. Crichton, F., Dodd, G., Schmid, Gamble, G., & Petrie, K.J. (2015).  Framing sound: using expectations to reduce environmental noise. Environmental Research, 142, 609-14. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2015.08.016 Read more
  11. Broadbent, E., Wilkes, C., Koschwanez, H., Weinman, J., & Petrie, K.J. (2015). A systematic review and meta-analysis of the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire. Psychology and Health, 11, 1361-1385. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2015.1070851 Read more
  12. Colgan, S.L.E., Faasse, K., Martin, L.R., Stephens, M.H., Grey, A., & Petrie, K.J. (2015). Perceptions of generic medication in the general population, doctors and pharmacists: a systematic review. BMJ Open, 5:e008915 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008915 Read more
  13. Stephens, M.H., Grey, A., Fernandez, J., Kalluru, R., Horne, A., Faasse, K., & Petrie, K.J. (2015).  3-D bone models to improve treatment initiation among patients with osteoporosis: a randomized controlled pilot trial.  Psychology and Health.  doi: 10.1080/08870446.2015.1112389
  14. Faasse, K., Martin, L., Grey, A., Gamble, G., & Petrie, K.J. (2015).  The impact of brand or generic labelling on medication effectiveness and side effects. Health Psychology.
  15. O’Sullivan, A.T., Rowley, S., Ellis, S., Faasse, K., & Petrie, K.J. (2015). The validity and clinical utility of the COVERS scale and Pain Assessment Tool for assessing pain in neonates admitted to an intensive care unit.  Clinical Journal of Pain. Mar 7
  16. Walker, H., Rosenburg, S.M., Stanton, A., Petrie, K.J., & Partridge, A. (in press). Perceptions, attributions and emotions toward endocrine therapy in young women with breast cancer. Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology.

2014

  1. Tan, K., Petrie, K.J., Faasse, K., Bollard, M., & Grey, A. (2014). Unhelpful advice on adverse drug reactions. BMJ, 349, g5019. doi: 10.1136/bmj.g5019 Read more
  2. Crichton, F., Dodd, G., Schmid, Gamble, G., & Petrie, K.J. (2014).  The power of positive and negative expectations to influence reported symptoms and mood during exposure to wind farm sound.  Health Psychology. doi: 10.1037/hea0000037 Read more
  3. Chan E., House, M., Petrie, K.J., Horne, A., Dalbeth, N. Taylor, W.J. (2014).  Complementary and alternative medicine use in patients with gout: a longitudinal observational study.  Journal of Clinical Rheumatology, 20, 16-20. doi: 10.1097/RHU.0000000000000059
  4. Crichton, F., Chapman, S., Cundy, T., & Petrie, K.J. (in press).  The link between health complaints and wind turbines: support for the nocebo expectations hypothesis. Frontiers in Public Health. Read more
  5. Doering, B.K., Rief, W., & Petrie, K.J. (2014). Lessons to be learned from placebo arms in psychopharmacology trials. Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, 225, 273-290. Read More
  6. Sivertsen, B., Petrie, K.J., Langeland-Wilhelmsen, A, & Hysing, M. (2014). Mental health in adolescents with Type 1 diabetes: results from a large population-based study.  BMC Endocrine Disorders, 14, 83. doi: 10.1186/1472-6823-14-83 Read more
  7. Powell, D.M.C., Spencer, M., Petrie, K.J. (2014). Comparison of in-flight measures with predictions of a bio-mathematical fatigue model. Aviation, Space & Environmental Medicine, 85,1-8. Read more
  8. Perera, A.I., Thomas, M.G., Moore, J.O., Faasse, K., & Petrie, K.J. (2014). Effect of a smartphone application incorporating personalized health-related imagery on adherence to antiretroviral therapy: a randomized clinical trial. AIDS Patient Care and STDs doi: 10.1089/apc.2014.0156 Read more
  9. Petrie, K.J., Faasse, K.., Crichton, F., & Grey, A. (2014). How common are symptoms? Evidence from a New Zealand national telephone survey.  BMJ Open, 4:e005374. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005374 Read more
  10. Crichton, F., Dodd, G., Schmid, Gamble, G., Petrie, K.J. (2014). Can expectations produce symptoms from infrasound associated with wind turbines? Health Psychology, 33, 360-364. doi: 10.1037/a0031760 Read more
  11. Stanton, A.L., Petrie, K.J., & Partridge, A.H. (2014). Contributors to nonpersistence and nonadherence with endocrine therapy regimens in breast cancer survivors recruited from an online research registry. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 145, 525-534. doi: 10.1007/s10549-014-2961-3 Read more
  12. Frostholm, L., Petrie, K.J., Ørnbøl, E., Fink, P. (2014). Are illness perceptions related to future health expenditure in patients with somatoform disorders?  Psychological Medicine, 44, 2903-2911. doi: 10.1017/S003329171400035X Read more
  13. Petrie, K.J., & Sherriff, R. (2014). Normal diagnostic tests do not reassure patients.  Evidence Based Medicine, 19, 14. doi: 10.1136/eb-2013-101393 Read more

2013

  1. Faasse, K., & Petrie, K.J. (2013).  The nocebo effect: patient expectations and medication side effects. Postgraduate Medical Journal. Postgraduate Medical Journal. doi:10.1136/postgradmedj-2012-131730 Read more
  2. Faasse, K., Cundy, T., Gamble, G., Petrie, K.J. (2013). The effect of an apparent change to a branded or generic medication on drug effectiveness and side effects. Psychosomatic Medicine. 2013, 75, 90-96. doi: 10.1097/PSY.0b013e3182738826 Read more
  3. Petrie, K.J., Faasse, K., Notman, T.A., & O'Carroll, R. (2013). How distressing is it to participate in medical research? A calibration study using everyday events. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine- Short Reports. Read more
  4. Horne, R., Davis, C., Faasse, K., Diefenbach, M., Leventhal, H., Leventhal E., & Petrie, K.J. (2013). Personal Sensitivity to Medicines Scale. British Journal of Health Psychology, 18,18-30.  DOI:10.1111/j.2044-8287.2012.02071.x Read more
  5. Stephens, M.H., & Petrie, K.J. (2013). Social support and recovery from disease and medical procedures. Wright, J.D (ed.). International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences. NY: Elsevier.
  6. Myrtveit, S.M., Skogen, J.C., Petrie, K.J., Wilhelmsen, I., Wenzel H.G., & Sivertsen, B. (2013). Factors related to non-recovery from whiplash. The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT). International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. DOI 10.1007/s12529-01309338-6 Read more
  7. Myrtveit, S.M., Wilhelmsen, I., Petrie, K.J., Skogen, J.C., & Sivertsen, B. (in press). What characterizes individuals developing chronic whiplash?: The Nord-Trondelag Health Study (HUNT). Journal of Psychosomatic Research. Read more
  8. Corter, A.L., Findlay, M., Broom, R., Porter, D., & Petrie, K.J. (2013). Fear of breast cancer recurrence is related to reported side effects and to medication and illness beliefs in women taking adjuvant endocrine therapy. British Journal of Health Psychology, 18, 168-81. DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12003 Read more
  9. Dalbeth, N., House, M., Horne, A., Te Karu, L., Petrie, K.J., McQueen, F., & Taylor, W.J. (2013).  The experience and impact of gout in Maori and Pacific people: a prospective observational study.  Clinical Rheumatology, 32, 247-251.
  10. Devcich, D.A., Ellis, C.J., Waltham, N., Broadbent, E., Petrie, K.J. (in press). Seeing what’s happening on the inside: Patients’ views of the value of diagnostic cadiac computed tomography angiography. British Journal of Health Psychology.
  11. Faasse, K., & Petrie, K.J. (in press). H1N1. In T.L. Thompson, J.G. Golson. Encylopedia of Health Communication. Thousand Oaks, CA Sage.
  12. Chan E., House, M., Petrie, K.J., Horne, A., Dalbeth, N. Taylor, W.J. (in press).  Complementary and alternative medicine use in patients with gout: a longitudinal observational study.  Journal of Clinical Rheumatology.
  13. Crichton, F., Dodd, G., Schmid, Gamble, G., Petrie, K.J. (in press).  The power of positive and negative expectations to influence reported symptoms and mood during exposure to wind farm sound.  Health Psychology.
  14. Faasse, K., & Petrie, K.J. (in press). Stress, coping and health.  Wright, J.D (ed.). International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences. NY: Elsevie.
  15. Sherriff, R. & Petrie, K.J. (in press). Illness perceptions: A primer. In P. Henningsen & W.Rief (eds.) Psychosomatik und Verhaltensmedizin.  Stuttgart: Schattauer Publishing.

2012

  1. Rief, W., Glaesmer, H., Baehr, V., Broadbent, E., Brahler, E., & Petrie, K.J. (2012). The relationship of modern health worries to depression, symptom reporting and quality of life in a general population.  Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 72, 318-20. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2011.11.017 Read more
  2. Douglas, F., Petrie, K.J., Cundy, T., Horne, A., Gamble, G., & Grey, A. (2012). Differing perceptions of intervention thresholds for fracture risk: a survey of patients and doctors.  Osteoporosis International, 23, 2135-40. doi 10.1007/s00198-011-1823-7. Read more
  3. Devcich, D.A., Ellis, C.J., Broadbent, E., Gamble, G., & Petrie, K.J. (2012). The psychological impact of test results following diagnostic coronary CT angiography.  Health Psychology, 31, 738-744. doi: 10.1037/a0026502. Read more
  4. Gorman, D., & Petrie, K.J. As clear as MUD (2012). Internal Medicine Journal42, 233-5. Read more
  5. Loft, P., Petrie, K.J., Booth, R.J., Thomas, M.G., & Vedhara, K. (2012). Effects of massage on antibody response following hepatitis B vaccination. Psychosomatic Medicine, 74, 982-7. Read more
  6. Brooks, S., Rowley, S., Broadbent, E., & Petrie, K.J. (2012). Illness perception ratings of high-risk newborns by mothers and clinicians: relationship to illness severity and maternal stress. Health Psychology, 31, 632-639. DOI: 10.1037/a0027591  Read more
  7. Faasse, K., Gamble, G., Cundy, T., & Petrie, K.J. (2012). Impact of television coverage on the number and type of symptoms reported during a health scare: a retrospective pre-post observational study. BMJ Open doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2012- 001607 Read more
  8. Petrie, K.J., & Weinman, J. (2012). Patients' perceptions of their illness: The dynamo of volition in health care. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21, 60-65. doi: 10.1177/0963721411429456 Read more
  9. Petrie. K.J., Perry, K., Broadbent, E., & Weinman, J. (2012). A text message program designed to modify patients' illness and treatment beliefs improves self-reported adherence to asthma preventer medication. British Journal of Health Psychology, 17, 74-84. Read more
  10. Tausczik, Y., Faasse, K., Pennebaker, J.W., & Petrie, K.J. (2012). Changes in anxiety and information seeking following the H1N1 outbreak: An analysis of web blogs and Wikipedia Searches. Journal of Health Communication, 27, 179-85.  doi:10.1080/10410236.2011.571759  Read more
  11. Dalbeth, N., House, M., Horne, A., Petrie, K.J., McQueen, F., & Taylor, W.J. (2012). Prescription and dosing of urate-lowering therapy, rather than patient behaviours, are the key modifiable factors associated with achieving serum urate target in gout. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorder,13, 174-8. doi: 10.1186/1471-2474-13-174.

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