Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences


Te Ara Tika

Te Ara Tika  [1]  is a framework for researchers and ethics committee members developed by Pūtaiora (Māori members of ethics committees) and the National Ethics Advisory Committee(NEAC). Other organisations are also taking up this framework, and we recommend it to Faculty researchers.

For more information visit National Ethics Advisory Committee (NEAC)

All research carried out within the Faculty should meet required ethical standards including those for Māori responsiveness. Within the Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences there is a spectrum of research with differing levels of engagement with, and relevance to, Māori.

Te Ara Tika identifies progressive expectations of ethical research behaviour from minimum standards, to good practice and best practice, and provides useful guidance based on the following principles:

  • Whakapapa (genesis and purpose of your research)
  • Tika (validity of the research proposal)
  • Manaakitanga (cultural and social responsibility)
  • Mana (equity, justice and rights).

We strongly suggest you read the

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Te Ara Tika document
(3.2 MB, PDF)

Te Ara Tika proposes five steps in the process of ethical review:

  • Kia tupato (be careful; consider the value of your research)
  • Kia āta whakaaro (precise analysis)
  • Kia āta kōrero (robust discussion)
  • Kia āta whiriwhiri (determine the appropriate conditions)
  • Kia āta haere (proceed with understanding)

Get started! Click here to go to step one - Kia Tupato

Latest papers on ethnicity


For those interested in Māori health research and ethnicity data and inequities five discussion papers have been published, as part of a series considering key issues in ethnicity data, and implications for Māori health. Please visit Māori health website.

These papers were prepared as part of a series of discussion papers considering key issues in ethnicity data and implications for Māori health. The issues were identified from the literature and from fora with stakeholders and data users. The papers are aimed as a resource for those collecting, recording, and reporting ethnicity data in the health and disability sector, and particularly, for those interested in Māori health and ethnic inequalities. The topic areas include:

Ethnicity data is a key variable for understanding the health experiences and priorities of different population groups, leading to the development of more effective policies and programmes. These data are also necessary for monitoring the performance of the health system, which explains why the Ministry of Health has an ongoing interest in improving the quality and completeness of ethnicity data in the sector.

Go to Māori Responsiveness research page

[1] Te Ara Tika: Guidelines for Māori Research Ethics: A framework for researchers and ethics committee members Pūtaiora Writing Group 2010