Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences


POPLHLTH 101 - Health Systems 1

15 Points

Semester 1
Tāmaki

Description


Provides an overview and understanding of the New Zealand health system including: history of health and health service delivery in New Zealand, the role and functioning of hospitals, primary care, purchasers and funders of health services, the role of insurance and private healthcare providers.

What is this course about?


Relatively rich countries such as New Zealand generally spend a large proportion of their resources on health care. But does spending more on health lead to better health? For individuals, the answer is often ‘yes’, but more resources for health won’t necessarily mean that the whole population is healthier. Whether or not spending on health leads to a healthy population depends largely on the way a country’s health system is organised.

This course introduces you to the basic concepts necessary to understand how health systems work. You will learn important tools for navigating your way through the complexity of health systems, including:

  • The different ‘arenas’ within health (primary care, hospitals, public health)
  • Different organisational types
  • Professions and occupations in the health sector
  • The economics of health and healthcare
  • Evaluating and comparing different health systems

With this basic understanding of who’s who and what’s what, the course will offer some understanding of how all these different elements interact. In the second half of the course you will learn some basic tools to assess how healthy the New Zealand health system actually is and what options there are for change.

What skills will I develop?


What skills will I develop? For many students in this course, it will be one of the first experiences of reading and writing academic material. The development of necessary academic skills is a process that lasts the whole of your degree. During this course you will begin to acquire these skills in a systematic way.

The key skills you will begin to develop while you are studying this course include:

  • Note-taking
  • Comprehension of academic sources o How to make sense of academic literature
  • Academic essay writing o How to structure research and ideas in the form of an academic essay
    • How to integrate academic source material into an essay
    • How to correctly reference academic source material
    • Independent research
    • How to find academic literature relevant to a topic
  • Writing short exam and test answers

The University has many useful resources specifically designed to help you develop these skills. If you haven’t found out about them already, the two most important resources are the Library and the Student Learning Services. Both these parts of the University run courses on particular aspects of research and essay writing. We will be working with the SLC and the Tāmaki Library staff this semester to provide opportunities for additional support with these skills.

What materials will I need for this course?


This course does not have a prescribed textbook as there is not one book published that covers the topics in this course at first year level.

The two key resources you will need are:

  1. Canvaswhere you can access lecture slides, additional readings, information about the course throughout the semester, and your marks.
  2. The Course’s Web Page on the library’s web site which contains links to all your required readings and other useful research cites.

How is this course organised?


There are two one-hour lectures and one hour tutorial each week (except for weeks 1 and 6). The content of this course is organised into 5 modules. Each module will consist of 3 or 4 lectures. Please see the course schedule at the end of this document.

How is this course assessed?


 

Course Assessment:

 

2 written assignments 40% (20% each)

10 tutorial quizzes 10% (1% each)

1 final examination: 50%

There are two assignments for this course. Each assignment assesses the students’ understanding of the topic spanning at least one course module. It is expected that all assignments completed in POPLHLTH 101 will be:

  • Researched using good quality, academic resources
  • Written in an appropriate academic essay style, and
  • Referenced using APA style guidelines.

There are 10 tutorial quizzes which will be based on specific readings for that tutorial as well as material covered in class. The quizzes consist of 5 Multi Choice Questions. At least TWO questions will be based on the readings assigned for that tutorial.

Course Schedule


Module

Lecture

Topic

Tutorial

Intro

1

Introduction to the Course (Admin)

 

1

Introduction

MODULE 1:

Health Systems

2

Intro to Health Systems and  G o als

3

The Basic Elements of Health Systems

2

Assignment One

4

Primary , Secondary, Integrated Care

 

 

MODULE 2:

Organisations

5

Intro to Orgs, Ownership and Function

3

Elements of Health Systems

6

NZ Health Sector Organisation

7

Changing Face of Health System

4

Health System Organisations

8

Maori and Pacific Providers

 

 

MODULE 3:

The Health Professions

 

The Changing Face of Health Work

 

5

 

Professions in Health Care

 

The Traditional Players in the Game of Health: Doctors, Nurses & Managers

 

Mid Semester Break

No Tutorial

11

Relationships btw the dominant players

 

6

 

Integrated care

12

Taking a Population Health Perspective: New Roles and Players. New Approaches.

 

 

MODULE 4:

The  Economics of Health

13

Intro to markets in health

 

7

Assignment Two

14

Market Failure

15

Government Intervention

8

Markets in health care

16

Economic Evaluation

17

Film/SICKO

9

Government Interventions

18

Film/SICKO

 

MODULE 5:

Improving Health Systems

19

Indicators of Success

 

10

Indicators of Success

20

Comparing Health Systems Internationally

21

How well does New Zealand perform?

 

11

 

Assessing Health Systems

22

What would we need to change to do better?

 

Review

23

Wrap Up, Evaluation & Exam Review

 

12

 

Exam Review and Prep

24

Wrap Up, Evaluation & Exam Review

Course Director


Course Administrator