New technology to test orthopaedic designs

25 July 2013

Safer and longer lasting hip and knee replacements are expected from new technology to be developed at The University of Auckland’s bioengineering institute.

The research is a collaboration led by Dr Thor Besier from the Auckland Bioengineering Institute (ABI), who is working with colleagues in biomechanics from Adelaide’s Flinders University and the University of Melbourne.

A funding grant from the Australian Research Council will be matched by funds from industry partner De Puy, a subsidiary of Johnson and Johnson that specialises in orthopaedic implants.

“Our expertise is in creating models of the musculoskeletal system that can estimate muscle and joint loads that can be used to determine the loads placed on implants”, says Dr Besier who is a Senior Research Fellow at the ABI and a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Engineering Science.

Industry partner DePuy design hip and knee replacements and want to be able to test these new designs virtually before moving to clinical trials,” says Dr Besier.  “Assessing how an implant will behave across a patient population is challenging.”

“We can investigate multiple designs early in the design process and then assess them against population-based models. These tools will shorten the design cycle, give greater insight into performance and lead to safer implants with improved longevity,” says Thor.

“We have a unique dataset of 327 CT scans (via colleagues at the University of Melbourne).  Using computational modelling of this CT data we can perform thousands of simulations and show the statistical variation in an implant and let them know if it will work well or not.”

This speeds up the process of testing the new orthopaedic implant designs against patient and surgical variability and saves DePuy considerable time.   The computer model gives us information on the implications of any design change, says Thor.

The research team will include a post-doctoral student from ABI, Dr Ju Zhang whose doctoral research developed some of the core technology to be used in this project.

Background information

  • Osteoarthritis is a common condition affecting about 15 per cent of adult New Zealanders.
  • About 14,000 hip and knee replacements are done per year in New Zealand.
  • It is typically a disease of older age and hence the prevalence is likely to increase further as the population ages.
  • Hip and knee replacement are highly successful operations for symptomatic osteoarthritis. In response to increasing demand the Ministry of Health introduced the joint initiative in 2004 with the aim of increasing the rate of publicly funded major joint replacements.
  • In New Zealand the combined public and private intervention rate in 2011 was 33.0/10000 (ie national average).  In 2009 Germany had the highest rate of hip and knee replacement at 50.1/10000.7 The rates for Australia and England and Wales are 30.6 and 30.5/10000.
  • Age is strongly associated with increasing demand for joint replacement. Eighty eight per cent of primary hip and knee replacements in New Zealand are performed in the over 55 age group.

Information taken from;

‘Quantifying the demand for hip and knee replacement in Otago, New Zealand’, David Gwynne-Jones, NZMJ 28 June 2013, Vol 126 No 1377; ISSN 1175 8716 Page 8 of 11URL: http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/126-1377/5710/ ©NZMA

For more information contact:

Suzi Phillips , Media Relations Advisor, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Communications, The University of Auckland. Email: s.phillips@auckland.ac.nz Phone: +64 9 373 7599 ext 87383 or Mob 021416396